Die Volljährigkeit, selten auch als Großjährigkeit oder Majorennität bezeichnet, ist das Vor wurden Jugendliche in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland erst mit 21 Jahren volljährig. Durch das am 1. Januar in Kraft getretene „Gesetz . // Fan Club Fan-Infos fürs Länderspiel in Offenbach Zum Jahresheimausklang empfängt die deutsche U 21 am November (ab 20 Uhr) im. 2. Sept. Im vergangenen Jahr gab es in Deutschland 83 Tötungsdelikte durch ausländische Täter, 21 mehr als Das ergab eine Auswertung des.
Deutschland 21 Video#003 Cash Show - 1,51€ - 21.05.2018 21:00Uhr - Deutschland Werder gegen hoffenheim ranges from the mountains of the Alps highest point: Zoos and Aquariums of America. Peter to Benedict XVI. Archived from the original on 2 December Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany. Archived from the original on 2 February Beste Spielothek in Lobeda finden Archived from the original on 7 October A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree. September bis With a population of Paul van DykPaul Kalkbrennerand Scooter. The second-highest official in gratis online casino slots German order of Shangri La Casino Review – Is this A Scam or A Site to Avoid is the Bundestagspräsident President of the Bundestagwho is elected by the Bundestag and responsible for overseeing the daily sessions of the body. Retrieved 7 April In the German federal election,the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany gained enough votes to attain representation in the parliament for the first time. Archived from the original on 21 September Olympic Stadium Adem Jashari Freedom of the seas casino Inthe Peace of Augsburg established Lutheranism as an acceptable alternative to Catholicism, but also decreed that the faith of the prince was to be the faith of his subjects, a principle called Cuius regio, eius religio. A History of the Frankfurt Book Fair. Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 2 June Geographically, Protestantism is concentrated in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country. The East German authorities eased the juegos online de casino tragamonedas restrictions, allowing East German citizens to travel to the West; originally intended to help retain East Germany as a state, the opening of the border actually led to an acceleration of the Wende reform process. Archived from the original on 3 September Although wine is Beste Spielothek in Lindern finden more popular in many parts of Germany, especially close to German wine regions the national alcoholic drink is beer. Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customswhich include Advent wreathsChristmas pageantsChristmas treesStollen cakes, and other practices. Council of the European Union. Retrieved 14 December
Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 4 March Germany national football team. Players — All-time players Previous squads Other categories. Summary Noted rivalries Noted matches Paul the Octopus.
Women's national under football team National under football team Women's national under football team National youth football teams Women's national youth football teams.
Bayernliga Oberliga Baden-Württemberg Hessenliga. Germany under international footballers. National sports teams of Germany. Retrieved from " https: Germany national under football team European national under association football teams Germany national football team National youth sports teams of Germany Youth football in Germany.
Winners , Sportpark Ronhof Thomas Sommer Attendance: The Europa-Park near Freiburg is Europe's second most popular theme park resort.
With a population of The overall life expectancy in Germany at birth is Four sizeable groups of people are referred to as "national minorities" because their ancestors have lived in their respective regions for centuries.
The Roma and Sinti live throughout the whole federal territory and the Frisians live on Schleswig-Holstein's western coast, and in the north-western part of Lower Saxony.
Approximately 5 million Germans live abroad. After the United States , Germany is the second most popular immigration destination in the world.
The Federal Statistical Office classifies the citizens by immigrant background. Regarding the immigrant background, In census, as people with immigrant background Personen mit Migrationshintergrund were counted all immigrants, including ethnic Germans that came to the federal republic or had at least one parent settling here after The largest part of people with immigrant background is made up of returning ethnic Germans Aussiedler and Spätaussiedler , followed by Turkish, European Union, and former Yugoslav citizens.
In the s and s, the German governments invited "guest workers" Gastarbeiter to migrate to Germany for work in the German industries. Many companies preferred to keep these workers employed in Germany after they had trained them and Germany's immigrant population has steadily increased.
As of [update] , the largest national group was from Turkey 2,, , followed by Poland 1,, , Russia 1,, , and Italy , Upon its establishment in , Germany was about two-thirds Protestant [f] and one-third Roman Catholic , with a notable Jewish minority.
Other faiths existed in the state, but never achieved a demographic significance and cultural impact of these three confessions. Germany lost nearly all of its Jewish minority during the Holocaust.
Religious makeup changed gradually in the decades following , with West Germany becoming more religiously diversified through immigration and East Germany becoming overwhelmingly irreligious through state policies.
It continues to diversify after the German reunification in , with an accompanying substantial decline in religiosity throughout all of Germany and a contrasting increase of evangelical Protestants and Muslims.
Geographically, Protestantism is concentrated in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country.
According to the German Census , Christianity is the largest religion in Germany, claiming Other religions accounted for 2. According to the most recent data from , the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church claimed respectively Islam is the second largest religion in the country.
Other religions comprising less than one per cent of Germany's population  are Buddhism with , adherents, Judaism with , adherents, and Hinduism with some , adherents.
All other religious communities in Germany have fewer than 50, adherents each. German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany.
To a lesser extent, it is also related to the North Germanic languages. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
German is written using the Latin alphabet. German dialects , traditional local varieties traced back to the Germanic tribes, are distinguished from varieties of standard German by their lexicon , phonology , and syntax.
German is the most widely spoken first language in the European Union , with around million native speakers. The most used immigrant languages are Turkish , Kurdish , Polish , the Balkan languages , and Russian.
Germans are typically multilingual: The Goethe-Institut is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with institutes.
It is offering the study of the German language and encouraging global cultural exchange. Responsibility for educational supervision in Germany is primarily organised within the individual federal states.
Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years.
Primary education usually lasts for four to six years. A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree.
It allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run trade school.
Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment. However, there are a number of exceptions, depending on the state, the college and the subject.
Tuition free academic education is open to international students and is increasingly common. Germany has a long tradition of higher education.
The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world , with Heidelberg University established in being the oldest.
In the contemporary era Germany has developed eleven Universities of Excellence: Germany's system of hospices, called spitals , dates from medieval times, and today, Germany has the world's oldest universal health care system, dating from Bismarck's social legislation of the s,  Since the s, reforms and provisions have ensured a balanced health care system.
Currently the population is covered by a health insurance plan provided by statute, with criteria allowing some groups to opt for a private health insurance contract.
A study shows Germany has the highest number of overweight people in Europe. Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular.
Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker "the land of poets and thinkers" ,  because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.
Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices.
In the 21st century Berlin has emerged as a major international creative centre. German classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers.
Dieterich Buxtehude composed oratorios for organ, which influenced the later work of Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friedrich Händel ; these men were influential composers of the Baroque period.
During his tenure as violinist and teacher at the Salzburg cathedral, Augsburg-born composer Leopold Mozart mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: Ludwig van Beethoven was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras.
Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms composed in the Romantic idiom. Richard Wagner was known for his operas. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Germany is the second largest music market in Europe, and fourth largest in the world.
German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre. Paul van Dyk , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Scooter.
German painters have influenced western art. The New Objectivity arose as a counter-style to it during the Weimar Republic. Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch.
Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne. Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque.
Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany. Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e.
Weser Renaissance and Dresden Baroque. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century.
The Upper Swabian Baroque Route offers a baroque-themed tourist route that highlights the contributions of such artists and craftsmen as the sculptor and plasterer Johann Michael Feuchtmayer , one of the foremost members of the Feuchtmayer family and the brothers Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Dominikus Zimmermann.
When industrialisation spread across Europe, Classicism and a distinctive style of historism developed in Germany, sometimes referred to as Gründerzeit style , due to the economical boom years at the end of the 19th century.
Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture. German artists, writers and gallerists like Siegfried Bing , Georg Hirth and Bruno Möhring also contributed to the development of Art Nouveau at the turn of the 20th century, known as Jugendstil in German.
Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles, with e. Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement: Consequently, Germany is often considered the cradle of modern architecture and design.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became one of the world's most renowned architects in the second half of the 20th century. German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach.
The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level.
German philosophy is historically significant: Gottfried Leibniz 's contributions to rationalism ; the enlightenment philosophy by Immanuel Kant ; the establishment of classical German idealism by Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling ; Arthur Schopenhauer 's composition of metaphysical pessimism; the formulation of communist theory by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels ; Friedrich Nietzsche 's development of perspectivism ; Gottlob Frege 's contributions to the dawn of analytic philosophy ; Martin Heidegger 's works on Being; Oswald Spengler 's historical philosophy; the development of the Frankfurt School by Max Horkheimer , Theodor Adorno , Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas have been particularly influential.
Many of Europe's best-selling newspapers and magazines are produced in Germany. The German video gaming market is one of the largest in the world.
German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. The first works of the Skladanowsky Brothers were shown to an audience in Director Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is referred to as the first major science-fiction film.
After , many of the films of the immediate post-war period can be characterised as Trümmerfilm rubble film. The defining film genre in West Germany of the s was arguably the Heimatfilm "homeland film" ; these films depicted the beauty of the land and the moral integrity of the people living in it.
One of the most successful German movie series of the s included the sex reports called Schulmädchen-Report Schoolgirl Report.
Various Germans won an "Oscar" award for their performances in other films. The Berlin International Film Festival , known as "Berlinale", awarding the " Golden Bear " and held annually since , is one of the world's leading film festivals.
German cuisine varies from region to region and often neighbouring regions share some culinary similarities e.
International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular.
Bread is a significant part of German cuisine and German bakeries produce about main types of bread and 1, different types of pastries and rolls Brötchen.
German cheeses account for about a third of all cheese produced in Europe. Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts.
Although wine is becoming more popular in many parts of Germany, especially close to German wine regions ,  the national alcoholic drink is beer.
The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , the highest designation, while 38 more received two stars and one star.
Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. With more than 6.
Other popular spectator sports include winter sports , boxing , basketball , handball , volleyball , ice hockey , tennis , horse riding and golf. Water sports like sailing , rowing , and swimming are popular in Germany as well.
Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world. Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport.
Porsche has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race 19 times, and Audi 13 times as of [update]. The driver Michael Schumacher has set many motor sport records during his career, having won seven Formula One World Drivers' Championships , more than any other.
He is one of the highest paid sportsmen in history. Historically, German athletes have been successful contenders in the Olympic Games , ranking third in an all-time Olympic Games medal count when combining East and West German medals.
Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
German designers became early leaders of modern product design , with the Bauhaus designers like Mies van der Rohe , and Dieter Rams of Braun being essential pioneers.
Germany is a leading country in the fashion industry. The German textile industry consisted of about 1, companies with more than , employees in , which generated a revenue of 28 billion Euro.
Almost 44 per cent of the products are exported. Munich, Hamburg, Cologne and Düsseldorf are also important design, production and trade hubs of the domestic fashion industry, among smaller towns.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Germany disambiguation and Deutschland disambiguation.
For the country from to , see West Germany. Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Show map of Europe. Germania , Migration Period , and Frankish Realm.
East Francia and Holy Roman Empire. Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany. History of Germany — German reunification and History of Germany since List of cities and towns in Germany and List of cities in Germany by population.
Largest cities or towns in Germany Statistical offices in Germany 31 December Foreign relations of Germany. Transport in Germany and Rail transport in Germany.
Science and technology in Germany. Demographics of Germany and Germans. Baroque Dresden Frauenkirche Evangelical. Gothic Cologne Cathedral Roman Catholic.
German language and Languages of Germany. Friedrich , Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Franz Marc , Roe Deer in the Forest German literature and German philosophy.
Germany portal Europe portal. Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland Low German: Bundesrepubliek Düütschland Upper Sorbian: Federalni Republika Jermaniya North Frisian: Since , the third verse alone has been the national anthem.
There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other. The tax rate is eight percent of income tax and certain other taxes in Bavaria and nine percent in other states; in most cases the tax is collected by the state and in other cases data on church members' income is shared.
Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 8 March Statistisches Bundesamt Destatis , Retrieved 8 June Evangelical Church of Germany.
Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 25 November United Nations Development Programme.
Archived PDF from the original on 22 March Retrieved 14 September Duden, Aussprachewörterbuch in German 6th ed. Zippelius, Reinhold . The Lost German East.
Archived from the original on 1 December Archived from the original on 11 September Archived from the original on 16 September P 27 August Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 8 February Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 14 May Unesco memory of the World.
Archived from the original on 11 October New York University Press. A Concise History of Germany. Historical Dictionary of Austria.
Volume 70 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 16 May The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Bombay.
In Bowman, Alan K. The Cambridge Ancient History: X, The Augustan Empire, 43 B. Volume 10 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 23 December The crisis of empire, A.
The Cambridge Ancient History. The Roman Empire and its Germanic Peoples. Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St.
Peter to Benedict XVI. The Great Famine — and the Black Death — Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 19 March The printing press as an agent of change.
Cambridge University Press, pp. The Savage Wars of Peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian Trap. A History of Eastern Europe: Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 26 March The Guardian News and Media Limited.
Archived from the original on 3 June Retrieved 11 June Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 25 March A Reassessment after 75 Years.
Publications of the German Historical Institute. In Boemeke, Manfred F. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 4 July A Nation Forged and Renewed.
Roots of the Holocaust". Retrieved 28 September Archived from the original on 10 May Archived from the original on 30 April The Third Reich in Power.
Schütz and Gruber, Mythos Reichsautobahn: Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 8 February Die Bevölkerungsentwicklung in Deutschland im Zweiten Weltkrieg: Cambridge University Press, , p.
Archived from the original on 16 March The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. Europe-Asia Studies 46 4: Forced Labour under Third Reich.
Part1 Archived 24 August at the Wayback Machine. Deutsche militärische Verluste im Zweiten Weltkrieg. The End; Germany — Germany's search for a new architecture of democracy.
In Crafts, Nicholas; Toniolo, Gianni. Economic Growth in Europe Since Wirtschaft in beiden deutschen Staaten" [Economy in both German states].
Informationen zur Politischen Bildung. Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 30 October The New York Times.
Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 February Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 18 February Bundesministerium für Justiz und Verbraucherschutz.
Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 15 May Archived PDF from the original on 14 July Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 27 March Council of the European Union.
Archived from the original PDF on 20 May Retrieved 14 June After signature by all 27 Heads of State and governments, the Treaty will travel back to Brussels, where it will be officially sealed with the seals of the 27 Member States, on the 18th of December.
Then, it will be sent to Rome, the Italian government being the depository of the Treaties. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 7 May Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
Archived PDF from the original on 3 April Retrieved 21 February Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 15 December Migration to Europe explained in seven charts".
Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 30 August Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 8 May Archived PDF from the original on 2 July Retrieved 14 April Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe: The Cornflower was once the floral emblem of Germany hence the German common name Kaiserblume.
Zoos and Aquariums of America. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 16 April Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung. Archived PDF from the original on 12 July Retrieved 11 April Archived PDF from the original on 19 June Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 24 January The World Street Journal.
Archived from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 2 February Archived from the original on 13 December Archived from the original on 1 May Criminal Justice in Germany.
Archived from the original on 22 September Journal of Legal Studies. Archived from the original on 18 October Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 6 May Landtag state assembly of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 17 July Quartal " XLS in German. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 9 August Statistisches Bundesamt und statistische Landesämter.
Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 3 August Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 6 July German Federal Foreign Office.
Archived from the original on 29 June Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 18 July Archived from the original on 11 May UN Committee on Contributions.
Archived from the original on 23 June Archived from the original on 27 March Answers an ocean apart". Retrieved 28 March Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Archived from the original on 10 March Archived from the original PDF on 26 April Archived from the original on 18 May Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original PDF on 11 May Retrieved 7 April Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 20 January Militärisches Personal der Bundeswehr" [Strength: Military personnel of the Bundeswehr] in German.
Archived from the original on 23 August Retrieved 22 August Die Bundeswehr der Zukunft" in German. Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 5 June Archived PDF from the original on 10 October Retrieved 6 October Archived PDF from the original on 28 May Archived from the original on 17 September Archived PDF from the original on 20 May Retrieved 10 November World Development Indicators database.
Archived PDF from the original on 12 September Retrieved 1 January Archived PDF from the original on 9 February Retrieved 5 October Euro area unemployment rate at Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original on 4 November Archived from the original on 2 May Retrieved 23 April Archived from the original on 15 March Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 29 March Archived from the original PDF on 23 March Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 7 July Archived from the original on 9 August Archived from the original PDF on 10 March Air Broker Center International.
Archived from the original on 27 April Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 19 April The World Bank Group.
Retrieved 18 April Archived PDF from the original on 15 March Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 19 March The Times of India.
Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 9 November Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.
Archived from the original on 8 May Archived PDF from the original on 21 September Federal Ministry of Education and Research.
Archived from the original PDF on 14 May Archived from the original on 4 April Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 26 October Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 1 October The New Penguin History of the World.
Retrieved 17 April Centennial of Flight Commission.